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One of the primary issues these individuals face is the lack of birth certificates. Without this essential document, they are denied access to education, healthcare, and employment. Moreover, the absence of legal identity leaves them vulnerable to exploitation and discrimination.
The majority of stateless individuals in Thailand are part of ethnic minority communities such as the Karen, Hmong, and Rohingya. These groups have often faced persecution in their home countries, which has forced them to seek refuge in Thailand. However, their stateless status leaves them in a legal limbo, unable to fully integrate into Thai society or return to their countries of origin.
Many stateless individuals end up living in refugee camps along the Thai border. These camps provide some semblance of shelter and security, but they are far from ideal living conditions. Access to basic necessities such as clean water, food, and healthcare is often limited, and the future remains uncertain for those living in these camps. Currently, there are "temporary shelter areas" for refugees displaced by conflicts in various provinces of Thailand, totaling 9 camps, housing nearly a hundred thousand refugees
If a person is born in Thailand and possesses legal documents such as a birth certificate and an ID card, they may be eligible to apply for Thai citizenship.
For individuals who belong to minority tribes or groups living in remote areas and may not have access to official documentation, it can be more complicated to prove their citizenship or legal status. In such cases, they may need to take steps to obtain the necessary documentation, including a birth certificate and an ID card specific to their minority group.
If a person was born in Thailand but does not possess a birth certificate or any other legal documents, they may face challenges in establishing their citizenship or legal status. In Thailand, birth registration is an important process to establish one's legal identity and citizenship.
If a person born in Thailand does not have a birth certificate or an ID card, they may be treated as undocumented individuals or foreigners.
In such cases, individuals may need to go through the same legal process as other foreigners to establish their legal status in Thailand. This could involve applying for the appropriate visa or residence permit based on their specific circumstances.
Children born in Thailand who have not yet been registered at birth may have parents who are foreign nationals, which can lead to misunderstandings regarding birth registration. For example, in cases where childbirth occurs at home, it is often not reported for various reasons. One common reason is when the parents are foreign workers residing in Thailand illegally, which makes them feel unsafe in approaching authorities to register the birth of their child. Another scenario is when there are no witnesses available to testify to the birth, which is required for birth registration according to the regulations of the Thai Civil Registration Act of 2534 B.E.
Currently, legal recognition of individuals under Thai law falls under the Civil and Commercial Code of Thailand. All children born in Thailand can access the birth registration process without discrimination based on ethnicity, nationality, gender, language, etc.
As mentioned previously, individuals born in Thailand without legal documentation or a birth certificate must follow the same procedure as other foreign nationals if they wish to obtain Thai citizenship.
To apply for Thai citizenship, there are several requirements and legal provisions that must be met in accordance with Thai law.
4. Expert category
Be granted for 180 days first and the next extension will be granted for 180 days if approved.
The non-refundable fee : 7,600 baht. (whether permission is granted or not. Application fee is not refundable.
If the application is approved, the fee for the residence permit is 191,400 baht.
However, the residence permit fee for spouses and children (under 20 years of age) of aliens who already had the residence permit or Thai citizens is 95,700 baht.
If you encounter difficulties obtaining Thai Citizenship, whether you were born in Thailand and have yet to acquire Thai Citizenship or have any related concerns, you can seek legal counsel as below details;
Khun Tipwimon Sirinupong :
Commissioner on Nationality, International Labor Migration, and Stateless Persons' Rights, Lawyers Council Under the Royal Patronage
Phone : +6693-419-3624
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